UNSC Resolution 2140 both commends the work of the recently concluded National Dialogue Conference and urges "full and timely implementation of the political transition." In one section, the resolution acknowledges "that the transition process requires turning the page from the presidency of Ali Abdullah Saleh, and welcoming the involvement and cooperation of all stakeholders in Yemen, including groups that were not party to the GCC Initiative and its Implementation Mechanism."
The Security Council outlined the next steps Yemen must take in its political transition, which includes drafting a new constitution and holding a referendum on the new constitution, reforming electoral laws and holding timely elections, and reforming Yemen's state structure to enable its transition from a unitary to a federal state.
The Council also expressed concern about extremist violence in Yemen and established a Sanctions Committee to enable the sanctioning of individuals who threaten the peace, security, or stability of Yemen.
Special Adviser to the UN Secretary General on Yemen Jamal Benomar welcomed Wednesday's resolution, which he deemed "a major development."
"With this resolution, the Council is supporting the legitimate aspirations of the Yemenis, including the youth, who fought and continue to fight for deep and meaningful change. The Council commended the leadership of President Hadi, and also noted with appreciation the joined up effort of the international community in support of Yemen, and in particular the important role of the GCC.
"... the Council supports the project for peaceful change and democratic governance. The Council also warns that spoilers who seek to obstruct or undermine the transition will be held to account."