CNN, citing reports from the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency, said the raids took place south of the capital, and targeted Muslim extremists from Qatar, Chechnya and Saudi Arabia who had traveled to Syria to fight in the country's three-year civil war.
Rebel forces could not be reached to comment on the government's claims.
SANA also said raids were carried out in Aleppo and Homs against "terrorist" forces -- elements of which have been linked to al-Qaida -- killing several individuals and seizing bomb-making material and other weapons.
Notable deaths of 2014 [PHOTOS]
Ebola cases top 10,000, WHO report says