The Israeli military and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency conducted the test in southern Israel, firing a David's Sling interceptor at a ballistic target at short range, a Defense Ministry statement said.
After the ballistic missile was fired, David's Sling radar identified it and passed along its trajectory to the fire management system, which intercepted the missile and destroyed it, The Jerusalem Post said.
The system is expected to become operational by 2016 and will enhance Israel's growing missile defense shield, which includes the anti-ballistic Arrow and the Iron Dome, which intercepts short and medium-range rockets, the Hebrew language Walla news agency reported.
"It will allow in the near future for the state of Israel to deal with threats with a far higher efficiency," a ministry statement said.
David's Sling, also known as Magic Wand, is designed to intercept medium- to long-range missiles and rockets, and was developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and the U.S. contractor Raytheon.