The students had blocked a road and were calling for the return of former president Mohamed Morsi.
The protesters were also calling for the release of students who were allegedly arrested during previous demonstrations, al-Masry al-Youm reported.
The students chanted "Morsi is my president" and "The Interior Ministry officers are slugs."
As a result of the protest, traffic came to a complete stop.
Security forces used tear gas to disperse the students, who hurled stones back at the officers, al-Masry al-Youm reported.