It was the second incident of mass food poisoning at the school this month, prompting reactions from student leaders as well as government officials, Ahram Online reported Tuesday.
President Mohamed Morsi sent an assistant and Health Minister Mohamed Mustafa Hamed to visit the hospitalized students.
An investigation of the cause of the food poisoning was being conducted.
Cairo police said hundreds of students blocked Nasr Road late Monday to protest the poisoning incident.
Some of the students chanted against the university's Grand Imam Ahmed el-Tayeb.
Egyptian Student Union Leader Mohamed Badran said he planned to attend a meeting with the prime minister to discuss deteriorating conditions at the country's universities.