Under the measure approved Friday by President Francois Hollande, those involved in "criminal association with a terrorist group" face up to 10 years imprisonment and heavy fines, Radio France Internationale reported. The bill also extends a 2006 law allowing law enforcement agencies to monitor telephones and the Internet.
The law was inspired by a killing spree in Toulouse and Montauban carried out by Mohamed Merah, who had dual Algerian-French citizenship. Merah killed three French soldiers, one of them a Muslim, and four Jews, including three children, at a day-care center before he was killed by police.
Merah, who had Islamist views and justified his actions in a phone conversation with a TV news reporter during the police siege of his apartment, is believed to have received training at a camp on the Afghan-Pakistan border.