The judge also seized $18,600 worth of Enkhbayar's property, ITAR-Tass reported Friday.
"The results of this trial will show whether or not Mongolia is a truly democratic country. State prosecutors have distorted the true facts in order to sue me for political reasons. They represent the old times. I'm not afraid of anyone and will fight for justice and a new Mongolia," Enkhbayar, of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party, said after a three-day session of the court.
Enkhbayar's supporters held protests after the conviction was announced and clashed with police, the report said.
Lawyers representing the former president, who was in office from 2005 until 2009, have 14 days to file an appeal in the case.
Interpol investigating stolen passports on missing flight
Jessica Simpson shares three-way kiss with friends in photo