Police managed to disperse the crowd using stun grenades, The Jerusalem Post reported.
Jerusalem police spokesman Shmuel Ben-Ruby said protesters were reacting to reports a group of Jewish activists, determined to destroy the Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock and build the Third Temple on the site, were to gather at Temple Mount Friday.
Several police officers were injured in the clash by stones thrown at them.
Police Monday raided an apartment in Jerusalem where they found extremist right-wing documents related to the Temple Mount. One activist was arrested.