The accident happened around 1 p.m. Sunday in the Beiyu Coal Mine in Puxian county in the city of Linfen, Xinhua reported.
Seven miners were trapped in the shaft, said a spokesman with the county government.
Rescuers were searching for the remaining three miners, the news agency said.
Beiyu Coal Mine is owned by Shanxi Puxian County Hongyuan Group.
Celebrity Breakups and divorces of 2014 [PHOTOS]