The 5.7 magnitude quake killed at least 10 people in the city of Van, the Christian Science Monitor reported.
Rescue teams searched for survivors after the Wednesday night tremor shook on the predominantly Kurdish region. It was the same region where more than 600 people died following a major quake on Oct. 23.
"Our people are freezing. We are sleeping outside -- all seven of my family," Abdulrahim Kaplan, 32, told the newspaper, complaining over the distribution of tents. "Some people take five tents, some 10 and others get nothing. This is wrong."
Thousands of families were living in makeshift camps without power in freezing temperatures, the newspaper said.
Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Besir Atalay said the quake that hit Edremit Wednesday night collapsed a private building and two hotels where rescuers pulled more than 20 people alive from the rubble, Anatolian news agency reported.
The Prime Ministry Disaster & Emergency Management Directorate said Thursday 22 planes, including 16 military, three cargo and three passenger planes, had carried search-and-rescue teams and health personnel to the earthquake zone.