"Due to the massive intelligence and counterintelligence work by Iranian intelligence agents, a complex espionage and sabotage network linked to America's spy organization was uncovered and dismantled," the Intelligence Ministry said in a statement read on state television and radio.
The alleged CIA spies were said to have been collecting information on nuclear energy, oil and gas pipelines, and border patrol, among other things, the Los Angeles Times reported. Tehran reported identifying 42 other suspected spies.
The CIA spies were allegedly working out of U.S. embassies in United Arab Emirates, Turkey and Malaysia under the guise of being recruitment agencies, enlisting Iranians to get visas for work and education abroad.
The United States did not issue an immediate response, the newspaper said.