An indictment released Thursday charged Keith Matthew Emerald, 32, of Columbia, a town near the Stanislaus National Forest with starting the fire and with lying to federal agents investigating its cause. He faces two felony and two misdemeanor counts.
Emerald was rescued by helicopter.
The Rim Fire, which began Aug. 17, 2013, was not completely extinguished until late October. It was the third largest wildfire in California and the largest ever recorded in the Sierra Nevada mountains, burning more than 400 square miles, threatening the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir and destroying 11 homes, three commercial buildings and 98 other buildings.
A family camp operated by the city of Berkeley for more than 90 years was among the losses. Local officials said businesses in the area, ranchers who lost fencing and corrals and owners of timberland are still feeling the effects.
"The impacts of the Rim Fire on our public lands will continue for years to come," said Randy Moore of the U.S. Forest Service.
Investigators said Emerald, who had been bow hunting in the area, first said a rockslide set off the blaze and then suggested it was started by growers of illegal marijuana. He eventually admitted he lit a campfire, prohibited at the time, to heat some soup and the flames spread.
Emerald faces up to five years in prison if he is convicted.