Perry said he responded to charges of felony abuse of office with "my head held high."
"I'm here today because I believe in the rule of law. I'm here today because I did the right thing," he said.
Perry was indicted Friday. The charges involve his veto of funding for a public integrity unit headed by Travis County District Attorney Rosemary Lehmberg after she refused to resign following her arrest on drunk driving charges.
The first Texas governor to face criminal charges in more than a century, Perry was to be booked and photographed.
"We will prevail," he told his supporters.