U.S. District Judge Mark Fuller, the presiding judge in Montgomery, Ala., was freed on a $5,000 signature bond, a spokeswoman for the Fulton County sheriff's office said. He was ordered to return to Atlanta for a hearing Aug. 22 and told to avoid any violent contact with his wife.
Fuller's wife said he assaulted her at the Ritz Carlton Hotel, where the couple was staying, a police spokeswoman said. She was treated by paramedics at the hotel.
Divorce records from 2012 show allegations that Fuller assaulted his wife and had an extramarital affair.
Fuller was named to the federal bench in 2002 by President George W. Bush.
He presided over the 2006 trial of former Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman. The Democrat was convicted of giving former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy a seat on a regulatory board in exchange for $500,000 in donations to a 1999 campaign for a state lottery.
Siegelman's family charged that Fuller had a conflict of interest in what they said was a political prosecution and should have recused himself.