The force has been deployed on the Mediterranean island since 1964.
In the unanimous vote Thursday, the Security Council noted progress made thus far has not yet resulted in a comprehensive settlement between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot sides.
A U.N. statement Thursday noted the United Nations has been facilitating talks between both sides with a goal of a unified federal government comprised of a Greek state and a Cypriot state on the island.
The extension will maintain the presence of the peacekeeping force until July 31.
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