James Hawthorne, assistant police chief for the city of Arlington, had just hours before been part of an event to end domestic violence, the Fort Worth Star-Telegram reported Monday.
He was booked early Sunday morning on a charge of assault with bodily injury-family member, jail records indicated.
Bond was set at $1,500 but he also was held on an emergency protective order filed by a victim, police Lt. Christopher Cook said.
Police declined to identify the victim or the circumstances that led to Hawthorne's arrest.
Hawthorne was placed on administrative leave. He has been a member of the police department for 28 years.
Saturday morning, Hawthorne and other Arlington police officers had participated in a "Take a STAND Break the Silence" run and walk to raise awareness about domestic violence.