The study, "Impact of Bullying in Childhood on Adult Health, Wealth, Crime and Social Outcomes," published this year in the journal Psychological Science, found correlations both for those who bully others and those who were bullied with financial hardship, health problems, criminal activity and other social problems.
The strongest correlation, though, was financial, MarketWatch reported Tuesday.
The study found bullying victims were 11 percent more likely to have negative financial outcomes in adulthood compared to children who did not experience bullying.
That figured jumped to 31.6 percent for children who said they were both a bully and the victims of bullying.
Bullying victims were 11.6 percent more likely to be living in poverty and 13.2 percent more likely to have been fired from a job.
The study's authors said the statistics underscore the fact bullying is a serious problem not just as young children but throughout a person's life.
"Involvement with bullying in any role was predictive of negative health, financial, behavioral and social outcomes in adulthood," the study says. "Being bullied is not a harmless rite of passage or an inevitable part of growing up but throws a long shadow over affected children's lives."
The authors interviewed 1,420 children four to six times between the ages of 9 and 16, then revisited them as adults between the ages of 24 and 26.