Caroline Biden, 26, allegedly was embroiled in a heated argument with a roommate at their Tribeca apartment when police arrived, WNBC-TV, New York, reported.
Biden allegedly resisted arrest and tried to take a swing at the officer, the TV station said.
She was charged with resisting, obstructing governmental administration and harassment before being given a desk appearance ticket and released Tuesday afternoon, WNBC-TV said.
The Wall Street Journal reported a female officer had stepped between the roommates to keep them apart and that's when Biden allegedly took a poke at the officer.
"She is highly uncooperative, won't speak to cops and wants to make all sorts of phone calls but won't say who she wants to call," an official told the Journal.
The New York Daily News reported it wasn't clear what the roommates were arguing about.
The newspaper said Biden was briefly detained in 2009 by Amtrak police over what was called a "misunderstanding over a train fare."
Biden is the daughter of the vice president's brother James Biden Sr.