The Floridian, a gated course and residential compound at Port St. Lucie, is owned by Houston businessman and Obama donor Jim Crane, The Washington Post reported.
The Post said Crane is a near-scratch golfer who also owns the Houston Astros.
White House principal deputy press secretary Josh Earnest issued a statement saying, "The president played golf today with (outgoing U.S. Tade Representative) Ron Kirk, Jim Crane and Tiger Woods."
Woods, winner of 14 major golf championships who lives not far from Port St. Lucie in a home near Orlando, Fla., is not playing the PGA tour event in Los Angeles this weekend, the Post said.
He is currently ranked No. 7 in the world. Woods fell in popularity three years ago after admitting adultery.
Reporters were allowed inside The Floridian, the White House press pool said.