Police collected more than 30 of the flyers, which were found Monday morning, Martin Luther King Day, WGCL-TV, Atlanta, reported Tuesday.
"We told our members to go out and pretty much counteract Martin Luther King's birthday, who was a known communist -- and we decided to put out Klan literature," said Chris Barker, an imperial wizard with the Klan. "[It was] more of a recruitment drive to let the neighborhood know the Klan is there and the Klan isn't going anywhere."
Barker's number was listed as a contact on the flyer, WGCL reported.
Newton County resident Wendy Lozynski called the people responsible for distributing the flyers "close-minded morons."
"It's embarrassing, it's very sad," she said. "You teach your kids not to hate, and then somebody goes and does something like this, is embarrassing."
Neighbor Hadiyah Abdul-Matten said her family probably threw the flyer away, not even realizing what it was.
"They need to get a life, I mean really," she said. "I'm hoping it had nothing to do with President Barack Obama being re-elected."
The Newton County Sheriff's Department said there is nothing illegal about the distribution of flyers, but suggested anyone who received one should give them a call.