The second-term congressional member was set to face Republican Rep. Michael Turner in the redrawn 10th Congressional District in southwestern Ohio, Roll Call reported.
Ohio lost a seat in redistricting for the 2012 elections.
"I have thoroughly enjoyed working on behalf of every one of my communities, both large and small, and regret that I will not be able to continue the work I have been truly committed to, due to the redrawing of the maps," Austria said.
Austria took a shot at his own party, describing Ohio redistricting as an exercise "done in secrecy and with closed-door deals."
State Republicans controlled the process.
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