The poll found just 12 percent of Americans approve of the way Congress is doing its job, The New York Times reported Friday, matching the all-time low recorded in October 2008.
Republicans in Congress had a 19 percent approval rating compared with Democrats' 28 percent.
Only 6 percent said members of Congress deserved re-election, a historic low for the New York Times/CBS News poll, the newspaper said.
The poll was based on 1,452 telephone interviews conducted Sept. 10-15. The margin of sampling error is plus or minus 3 percentage points.