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Global child mortality rate drops

  |   Sept. 16, 2011 at 12:14 AM
NEW YORK, Sept. 16 (UPI) -- The world's annual mortality rate for children 5 years old or younger fell sharply to 7.6 million last year from over 12 million in 1990, U.N. figures show.

The figures translate to 57 deaths per every 1,000 live births, down from 88 deaths in 1990.

The U.N. Children's Fund and the U.N. World Health Organization, which released the figures, said the rate decline means about 12,000 fewer children die each day than did two decades ago.

The reports cited greater access to healthcare, particularly in remote areas, broader immunization coverage and higher-quality care in many countries among factors for the improvement. The agencies said child mortality rates are dropping in every region of the world, including areas with the highest number of under-5 fatalities. Success stories include Niger, Malawi, Liberia, Timor-Leste, Sierra Leone, Nepal and Bangladesh.

Experts, however, noted current mortality rates -- which come to about 21,000 deaths every day -- are still too high. They said these children die of preventable causes such as neonatal sepsis, pneumonia, and diarrhea.

Half of all deaths last year of children under 5 occurred in just five countries -- India, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan and China.

UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake said the new figures show it is possible to make progress even in the poorest areas.

"Focusing greater investment on the most disadvantaged communities will help us save more children's lives, more quickly and more cost effectively," he said.

© 2011 United Press International, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Any reproduction, republication, redistribution and/or modification of any UPI content is expressly prohibited without UPI's prior written consent.
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