The Michigan Department of Community Health says the women, two from Washtenaw County and one from Monroe County, became ill with the bacterial infection after consuming milk from a Livingston County farm, AnnArbor.com reported Friday.
Q fever is an infection caused by an organism found in farm animals, especially goats, cattle and sheep, and causes flu-like symptoms.
Most victims recover but the infection can cause life-threatening pneumonia and inflammation of the liver, heart and central nervous system, the MDCH said.
Raw milk is not pasteurized, a process that can kill disease-causing organisms.
The milk consumed by the women who became ill is not available at retail outlets, AnnArbor.com said.
Officials with the Livingston County Health Department were doing a review with the farm, the department said.