facebook
twitter
search
search

Court narrows defendant civil rights suits

March 29, 2011 at 11:28 AM
| License Photo

WASHINGTON, March 29 (UPI) -- The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 Tuesday a prosecutor may not be held liable under civil rights law for once withholding information helpful to the defense.

The ruling came along the court's ideological axis.

The Orleans Parish (La.) District Attorney's Office conceded that it withheld a crime lab report favorable to John Thompson as it prosecuted him for attempted armed robbery. Withholding information favorable to the defense are called "Brady" violations under Supreme Court precedent in Brady vs. Maryland.

Because he was convicted, court records say, Thompson chose not to testify at a later murder trial, where he was convicted as well.

A month before his scheduled execution, prosecutors discovered the withheld lab report, and an appeals court threw out both of Thompson's convictions. In a retrial, Thompson was found not guilty of the murder charge.

Thompson then filed suit under federal civil rights law. A federal judge ruled that Thompson did not have to show a pattern of indifference of Brady violations when he could show that prosecutors were inadequately trained, and a jury awarded Thompson damages. The verdict was upheld by a divided appeals court.

But a narrow Supreme Court majority led by Justice Clarence Thomas ruled that a district attorney's office may not be held liable under civil rights law for failing to train its prosecutors based on only one Brady violation.

A plaintiff has to show some government action or decisions to prevail in such a suit, the majority said.

Like Us on Facebook for more stories from UPI.com  
Latest Headlines
Top Stories
Small plane crash kills two near Dallas
Pilot in Taiwan plane crash shut down wrong engine, black boxes show
Justice Department investigating airlines for alleged price fixing
Eurozone leader says no more talks with Greece before Sunday vote
Russian diplomats slam 'divisive' UN measure on Srebrenica