The center, created in response to the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, is struggling with flawed staffing, overlapping statutes and tensions between agencies such as the State Department's counterterrorism office and the CIA, said the study by the Project on National Security Reform.
The flexible nature of terrorism calls for an agile and integrated security response not achieved at the center, The New York Times reported Tuesday after viewing the study.
Under President Obama, the study said, counterterrorism issues
have become more decentralized among various agencies, making it difficult for the counterterrorism center's planning arm to help shape security strategy.
The study called on Obama to define the nation's counterterrorism architecture to address the problems and improve coordination.