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List of Nobel Prize in Chemistry winners

Oct. 10, 2012 at 5:59 AM

STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Oct. 10 (UPI) -- List of Nobel Prize in Chemistry winners:

2012 -- Brian K. Kobilka, United States; Robert J. Lefkowitz, United States

2011 -- Daniel Shechtman, Israel

2010 -- Richard Heck, United States; Ei-ichi Negishi, Japan; Akira Suzuki, Japan

2009 -- Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, United States; Thomas A. Steitz, United States; Ada E. Yonath, Israel

2008 -- Osamu Shimomura, United States; Martin Chalfie, United States; Roger Y. Tsien, United States

2007 -- Gerhard Ertl, Germany

2006 -- Roger D. Kornberg, United States

2005 -- Yves Chauvin, France; Robert H. Grubbs, United States; Richard R. Schrock, United States

2004 -- Aaron Ciechanover, Israel; Avram Hershko, Israel; Irwin Rose, United States

2003 -- Peter Agre, United States; Roderick MacKinnon, United States

2002 -- John B. Fenn, United States; Koichi Tanaka, Japan; Kurt Wuthrich, Switzerland

2001 -- William S. Knowles, United States; Ryoji Noyori, Japan; K. Barry Sharpless, United States

2000 -- Alan Heeger, United States; Alan G. MacDiarmid, United States and New Zealand; Hideki Shirakawa, Japan

1999 -- Ahmed Zewail, Egypt and United States

1998 -- Walter Kohn, United States; John Pople, United Kingdom

1997 -- Paul D. Boyer, United States; John E. Walker, United Kingdom; Jens C. Skou, Denmark

1996 -- Robert F. Curl Jr., United States; Harold Kroto, United Kingdom; Richard E. Smalley, United States

1995 -- Paul J. Crutzen, Netherlands; Mario J. Molina, United States; F. Sherwood Rowland, United States

1994 -- George A. Olah, United States

1993 -- Kary B. Mullis, United States; Michael Smith, Canada

1992 -- Rudolph A. Marcus, United States

1991 -- Richard R. Ernst, Switzerland

1990 -- Elias James Corey, United States

1989 -- Sidney Altman, Canada and United States; Thomas R. Cech, United States

1988 -- Johann Deisenhofer, Germany; Robert Huber, Germany; Hartmut Michel, Germany

1987 -- Donald J. Cram, United States; Jean-Marie Lehn, France; Charles J. Pedersen, United States

1986 -- Dudley R. Herschbach, United States; Yuan T. Lee, United States; John C. Polanyi, Canada

1985 -- Herbert A. Hauptman, United States; Jerome Karle, United States

1984 -- Bruce Merrifield, United States

1983 -- Henry Taube, United States

1982 -- Aaron Klug, United Kingdom

1981 -- Kenichi Fukui, Japan; Roald Hoffmann, United States

1980 -- Paul Berg, United States; Walter Gilbert, United States; Frederick Sanger, United Kingdom

1979 -- Herbert C. Brown, United States; Georg Wittig, Germany

1978 -- Peter Mitchell, United Kingdom

1977 -- Ilya Prigogine, Belgium

1976 -- William Lipscomb, United States

1975 -- John Cornforth, Australia and United Kingdom; Vladimir Prelog, Switzerland

1974 -- Paul J. Flory, United States

1973 -- Ernst Otto Fischer, Germany; Geoffrey Wilkinson, United Kingdom

1972 -- Christian Anfinsen, United States; Stanford Moore, United States; William H. Stein, United States

1971 - Gerhard Herzberg, Canada

1970 -- Luis Leloir, Argentina

1969 -- Derek Barton, United Kingdom; Odd Hassel, Norway

1968 -- Lars Onsager, United States

1967 -- Manfred Eigen, Germany; Ronald G.W. Norrish, United Kingdom; George Porter, United Kingdom

1966 -- Robert S. Mulliken, United States

1965 -- Robert B. Woodward, United States

1964 -- Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, United Kingdom

1963 -- Karl Ziegler, Germany; Giulio Natta, Italy

1962 -- Max F. Perutz, United Kingdom; John C. Kendrew, United Kingdom

1961 -- Melvin Calvin, United States

1960 -- Willard F. Libby, United States

1959 -- Jaroslav Heyrovsky, Czechoslovakia

1958 -- Frederick Sanger, United Kingdom

1957 -- Alexander R. Todd, United Kingdom

1956 -- Cyril Hinshelwood, United Kingdom; Nikolay Semenov, Soviet Union

1955 -- Vincent du Vigneaud, United States

1954 -- Linus Pauling, United States

1953 -- Hermann Staudinger, Germany

1952 -- Archer J.P. Martin, United Kingdom; Richard L.M. Synge, United Kingdom

1951 -- Edwin M. McMillan, United States; Glenn T. Seaborg, United States

1950 -- Otto Diels, Germany; Kurt Alder, Germany

1949 -- William F. Giauque, United States

1948 -- Arne Tiselius, Sweden

1947 -- Robert Robinson, United Kingdom

1946 -- James B. Sumner, United States; John H. Northrop, United States; Wendell M. Stanley, United States

1945 -- Artturi Virtanen, Finland

1944 -- Otto Hahn, Germany

1943 -- George de Hevesy, Hungary

1942 -- No prize awarded

1941 -- No prize awarded

1940 -- No prize awarded

1939 -- Adolf Butenandt, Germany; Leopold Ruzicka, Switzerland

1938 -- Richard Kuhn, Germany

1937 -- Norman Haworth, United Kingdom; Paul Karrer, Switzerland

1936 -- Peter Debye, Netherlands

1935 -- Frederic Joliot, France; Irene Joliot-Curie, France

1934 -- Harold C. Urey, United States

1933 -- No prize awarded

1932 -- Irving Langmuir, United States

1931 -- Carl Bosch, Germany; Friedrich Bergius, Germany

1930 -- Hans Fischer, Germany

1929 -- Arthur Harden, United Kingdom; Hans von Euler-Chelpin, Sweden

1928 -- Adolf Windaus, Germany

1927 -- Heinrich Wieland, Germany

1926 -- The Svedberg, Sweden

1925 -- Richard Zsigmondy, Germany

1924 -- No prize awarded

1923 -- Fritz Pregl, Austria

1922 -- Francis W. Aston, United Kingdom

1921 -- Frederick Soddy, United Kingdom

1920 -- Walther Nernst, Germany

1919 -- No prize awarded

1918 -- Fritz Haber, Germany

1917 -- No prize awarded

1916 -- No prize awarded

1915 -- Richard Willstatter, Germany

1914 -- Theodore W. Richards, United States

1913 -- Alfred Werner, Switzerland

1912 -- Victor Grignard, France; Paul Sabatier, France

1911 -- Marie Curie, France

1910 -- Otto Wallach, Germany

1909 -- Wilhelm Ostwald, Germany

1908 -- Ernest Rutherford, United Kingdom and New Zealand

1907 -- Eduard Buchner, Germany

1906 -- Henri Moissan, France

1905 -- Adolf von Baeyer, Germany

1904 -- William Ramsay, United Kingdom

1903 -- Svante Arrhenius, Sweden

1902 -- Emil Fischer, Germany

1901 -- Jacobus H. van 't Hoff, Netherlands

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