The groups are calling on the United Nations and Mexico's federal government to investigate whether local officials informed the girl of her rights, CNN reported Tuesday.
"We don't know what is happening," said Maria Luisa Sanchez Fuentes of the Information Group on Reproductive Choice. "We're really asking for accountability."
The state of Quintana Roo where the girl lives limits abortion to cases of rape and only during the first 90 days of pregnancy.
The girl, currently in protective custody, is nearly a month past her state's legal limit for abortion.
State lawmaker Maria Hadad says continuing the pregnancy could cause the 10-year-old severe mental and physical health problems.
"It's not just a high-risk pregnancy," Hadad said. "It's a pregnancy that puts the girl at risk."