UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Jan. 19, 2016

Ford pardons Tokyo Rose, Eisenhower and Kennedy discuss transfer of power ... on this date in history.
By United Press International   |   Jan. 19, 2016 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Tuesday, Jan. 19, the 19th day of 2016 with 348 to follow.

This is Martin Luther King Jr. Day in the United States.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter and Saturn. Evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. They include Scottish engineer James Watt, inventor of the steam engine, in 1736; Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee in 1807; American short story writer and poet Edgar Allan Poe in 1809; English metallurgist Henry Bessemer in 1813; French post-Impressionist painter Paul Cezanne in 1839; billiards player Rudolf "Minnesota Fats" Wanderone, in 1913; Ebony magazine founder John H. Johnson in 1918; former U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar in 1920 (age 96); actor Jean Stapleton in 1923; actor Fritz Weaver in 1926 (age 90); actor Tippi Hedren in 1930 (age 86); television newscaster Robert MacNeil in 1931 (age 85); singer Phil Everly of the Everly Brothers in 1939; British stage singer and actor Michael Crawford in 1942 (age 74); singer Janis Joplin in 1943; singer Dolly Parton in 1946 (age 70); actor Shelley Fabares in 1944 (age 72); actor Katey Sagal in 1954 (age 62); chef Paula Deen in 1947 (age 69); singer/actor Desi Arnaz Jr. in 1953 (age 63); comedian Frank Caliendo in 1974 (age 42).

On this date in history:

In 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy.

In 1920, threats against the life of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, because of his activities in suppressing criminal radicalism, led officials to take every precaution to guard the head of the Justice Department.

In 1938, the Spanish Nationalist air force bombed Barcelona and Valencia, killing 700 civilians and wounding hundreds more.

In 1961, President Eisenhower met with his successor, John F. Kennedy, to complete plans for the transition of power. Both met privately at first before conferring with the incoming and outgoing secretaries of State, Treasury and Defense.

In 1966, Indira Gandhi became prime minister of India.

In 1975, China published a new constitution that adopted the precepts and policies of Mao Zedong.

In 1977, U.S. President Gerald Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D'Aquino, who had been convicted of treason for her World War II Japanese propaganda broadcasts as Tokyo Rose.

In 1995, Russian forces captured the presidential palace in the rebel republic of Chechnya.

In 2007, former U.S. Rep. Bob Ney, R-Ohio, the only member of Congress to plead guilty in the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal, was sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison. (Ney was released after 17 months.)

In 2010, Republican Scott Brown, a little-known former state senator, scored a major political upset by winning a special Massachusetts election over a heavily favored Democrat to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by the death of Democratic legend Ted Kennedy. (Brown was defeated by Elizabeth Warren in the 2012 general election.)

In 2013, five people were wounded in accidental shootings at gun shows in North Carolina, Indiana and Ohio.

In 2014, for the second time in three days, grenades were tossed at anti-government protesters in Bangkok. At least one person was killed and dozens injured. Tens of thousands of people were involved in the protests.

A thought for the day: "Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave." -- Indira Gandhi

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