The protesters blamed the Pakistani militants for the recent killing of India-born Mufti Sarfaraz Naeemi in Lahore, capital of Pakistan's Punjab province, the Times of India reported.
Naeemi, a Sunni religious scholar and a noted anti-Taliban cleric, died in last Friday's suicide bomb attacks on a mosque. He was widely respected for his efforts to curb the rising terrorist violence in Pakistan.
"We came together to protest the ongoing killings of Sunni scholars by the Wahabi Talibani terrorists in Pakistan," Shahnawaz Warsi, head of the Muslim Students Organization of India, told the newspaper. "The killing of Mufti Sarfaraz Naeemi of Jamia Naeemia is enough to reveal their agenda against moderate majority Sunni Muslims."
A joint statement from the Muslim groups termed Taliban's insurgency inhuman and un-Islamic and urged the Pakistani government to punish those responsible for the killings.
Predominantly Hindu India also has a large Muslim population, making it among the largest Islamic countries in the world.
"We support the Pakistani government in its war against these terrorists. Terrorists are nothing but enemy of Islam and have presented their distorted version of Islam," a protest leader was quoted as saying.