The plan, which went to Congress, details the federal agency's plans for the $1 billion provided to it through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
Locke said the bureau's proposals are intended to ensure a successful census while creating thousands of new jobs during the economic downturn, a Census Bureau news release said.
Locke said a successful nationwide census can also improve social conditions in areas such as education and healthcare.
"A successful census is critical for ensuring that communities have proper representation and the resources needed for healthcare, law enforcement and education," the commerce secretary said.
The plan calls for $250 million to be spent on partnership and outreach efforts for isolated populations and minority communities. The bureau is also eying $750 million in spending for next year's census.