Gandhi became the first foreign leader to meet China’s new leadership, led by President Hu Jintao, which emerged from the just-concluded 17th Chinese Communist Party Congress.
Although the two countries fought a major war in 1962 and still have border disputes pending, their relations have been improving lately in the new global geo-political environment.
President Hu assured Gandhi -- who is accompanied by her son Rahul -- that Chinese-Indian relations have developed in depth and enjoyed good momentum in recent years, the state-run Xinhua news agency reported Friday.
Hu said long-term friendship, cooperation with mutual benefits and common development between the two nations will change Asia and the world "in a profound way.”
Gandhi also met with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and other leaders.
“China expects to see a prosperous India and will make efforts to boost mutual trust, cooperation and promote common development,” Wen was quoted as saying.