The Ludwig von Mises Institute
(The LVMI is a research and educational center devoted to classical liberalism -- often known as libertarianism -- and the Austrian School of economics. LVMI seeks a radical shift in the intellectual climate by promoting the market economy, private property, sound money and peaceful international relations, while opposing government intervention.)
AUBURN, Ala.-- Subway tax in the Rancid Apple
By Gregory Bresiger
Last year the New York City Subway system carried 1.41 billion passengers. In 1947, the historic high point of ridership, the system carried 2.02 billion. That means the latest numbers constitute an incredible falloff of some 30 percent in a city whose population has stayed about the same over the past 60 years.
This is a remarkable vote of no confidence in the system. Yet the subways, citizens are constantly told in breathless radio ads that they finance, are wonderful. Now this disastrous government-run system -- which has alienated so many New Yorkers since private subway management was shown the door by the goo-goo socialists of the 1940s --is about to do something, once again, that it never let private subway management do: Raise fares by an obscene amount that, if tried by any private concern, would have our career pols baying from the rooftops about the avariciousness of the private sector.
Yet what can one say about this system with its huge problems, whose defenders now say it should be granted a 33 percent fare (tax!) increase? The fare, after a series of perfunctory public hearings that most people will not attend because they are too busy trying to earn a living to pay New York's huge tax bill, will be hiked from $1.50 to $2. There will likely be few objections, even though millions of New Yorkers hate the terrible trains, bad service and broken promises of this pathetic system.
One could write a book the length of "War and Peace" on the latter point. Since someone might be reading this article on a full stomach, I'll just give a few examples. New Yorkers paid for a bond issue in the 1950s for a Second Avenue Subway. Another hopeless New York pol, Mayor John Lindsay, actually broke ground for the Second Avenue line some 30 years ago.
There is a cryptic passage on the project in the current report of the MTA, the authority that the ruling class set up to run the subways so that no one could blame them for the system's perpetual parlous state ("Write a letter to the MTA," a flunky of one of our countless career pols told me once when I complained about subway service).
"A $255 million contract for preliminary engineering for the Second Avenue subway was awarded in December (2002)," according to the latest happy-talk MTA report.
Notice that, in true bureaucratic fashion, there is no mention of any of the ignominious history of this project (Mayor LaGuardia and the goo-goos promised a Second Avenue subway back in the 1940s when the city bought out the last private subway management company, the Interborough Rapid Transit, or IRT.) Nor is there, in the MTA's current "everything is wonderful" report, any mention of just when -- if ever -- the taxpayers, who paid for this mess, will ever actually see the Second Avenue subway!
Nevertheless, our current generation of sleazebag New York pols actually has the gall to promise the Second Avenue subway, hoping that the citizens will conveniently forget the promises of a previous generation of mountebanks
Here's another example. The charlatan Lindsay ran for mayor in 1965 on a platform of protecting the 15-cent fare. Once in office, he raised the fare. Actually, he raised it several times in his eight years in office. But most subway riders stopped counting. It is too depressing to keep score.
When Gov. Nelson Rockefeller -- a liberal Republican who nearly bankrupted the state with relentless spending and taxing -- was running for re-election in 1970, he promised a train to the airports. Thirty-three years later we still don't have it. Oh, yes, they've actually built the tracks from Jamaica to near Kennedy Airport.
But such is the incompetence and the lack of accountability and wastefulness of the authority that the MTA has already had problems with the train to the airport, and yet no passenger has ridden the line. On a trial run, a motorman tragically died in a crash. (The MTA, by the way, maintains, at taxpayer expense, some of the most expensive digs in town at 330 Madison Ave.).
The crash is nothing unusual. The subway system is in such a state of bad repair that several track workers have recently died in avoidable accidents. By the way, the tracks are so bad that there are hundreds of places in the system where trains must go slow.
The express service on the E and F trains under Queens Boulevard -- one of the busiest parts of the system -- is significantly slower than it was 30 years ago because of bad tracks and an ancient signaling system as well as assorted other woes that it would take a Tolstoy to chronicle. A childhood buddy of mine, who is a motorman, told me of these problems when I asked him why the trip to Manhattan appeared to take longer than when I used to take the trains to Manhattan in my adolescence.
Still, our socialist pols and New York's left-wing media generally don't go in much for history or investigations of the government until the offenders are practically taking the last piece of taxpayer silverware out the backdoor. They don't make a big thing about these disasters or offer any hard questions over why this system loses billions of dollars. And we never, never, here in the Peoples' Republic, ever mention that naughty word -- put your hands over your eyes and ears -- privatization.
But you know that if this were a private system pulling these scams, the politicos would be falling all over one another to indict the "greedy" owners of capital. Yet isn't a 33 percent increase "greedy?" And since the government bought out the last vestiges of private management in 1940, the fare has risen 3,900 percent, or $1.95. I speak of a fare that is about to go to $2 in a system that deteriorates every year. As a lifetime rider of government subways, I and my fellow victims live by an iron rule of this system: The faster the fare is raised, the quicker the service heads south.
There was once -- primarily under private management -- the famous nickel subway fare. This was a fare that venal pols like Jimmy Walker -- a former state Senator and later mayor who skipped the country for a while after the scandals of his administration --never allowed the private sector to raise over 40 years.
Imagine if one had a business and set a price. Over time one's costs go up. One must raise prices to show a profit. But one is never able to raise prices as one wants because the government stops you (sounds like the history of American railroads that went bankrupt). Or imagine one's salary never goes up year after year. Would a worker stay on that job? Given the inherent inflation in our system thanks to our central bank, a worker or a business will be subjected to a process of property confiscation over the years. One is forced to provide a service that makes less and less money or eventually runs in the red.
That is what happened to private management of the New York City subways. In the beginning, at the start of the 20th century, the nickel fare was just fine. This was the golden era of the subways, which were primarily built with private funds. A friend of public ownership, Brian J. Cudahy, in his book "Under the Sidewalks of New York," would reluctantly concede that without private money the subways "would not have been possible."
This was the era -- roughly from the turn of the century to 1940 -- when people actually came from around the world to ride the subways. Even an enemy of private ownership, Robert Caro, would write in "Power Broker," of this era, "So superbly had it (the subway system) been designed that it took decades to break down."
Yet the breakdown was coming. The government was about to get its grimy hands on the trains. And, as with just about everything that the incompetent fools of lower Manhattan get their hands on, it was run into the ground. Although the coming subway disaster wasn't apparent in the 1940s, when reformers whooped up public ownership of the system as the transportation equivalent of the Blessed Trinity.
Here's the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost: Government ownership would result in economies of scale. It would mean labor peace because subway workers would be barred from striking, according to LaGuardia. It would mean that the nickel fare would be protected from those rapacious private subway owners. All these fabulous promises were made by our pols, men and women we elected and re-elected.
Maybe we Americans should go a little easier on ramming democracy down other peoples' throats.
Today we see the fruits of the reformers and their socialist offspring who continue to run the Peoples' Republic of New York. Their religion has been pricey stuff for the average New Yorker, who already struggles with high costs, who lives in a city that a decade ago "Money Magazine" called "tax hell."
Since the system is owned by the government, and since the government is supposed to be us, then any fare hike constitutes still another tax increase. A buck and a half just isn't enough for these swine who rule us.
Three thousand nine hundred percent over 63 years? Hey, there are some first-class porkers running New York City!
(Gregory Bresiger, a business writer and editor living in Kew Gardens, N.Y., is assistant managing editor of Traders Magazine.)
The Institute for Public Accuracy
(The IPA is a nationwide consortium of policy researchers that seeks to broaden public discourse by gaining media access for experts whose perspectives are often overshadowed by major think tanks and other influential institutions.)
WASHINGTON -- Claims of democracy
"You won't have any problem with (Iraqi leader) Saddam (Hussein). We'll be rid of the bastard soon enough. And in his place we'll install a pro-Western dictator, who will be good for us and for you."-- U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos, quoted in the Israeli newspaper Ha'aretz, Sept. 30, 2002. (Lantos denies saying this, but Ha'aretz, a respected Israeli daily, stands by the quote. See cites at newamerica.net/index.cfm?pg=article&pubID=1004 and townhall.com/columnists/jackkemp/jk20030218.shtml)
As the Bush administration and supporters of its policies in the Middle East claim to be seeking democracy in Iraq, the following IPA analysts commented upon the situation.
-- Jim Lobe, a political analyst for Foreign Policy in Focus, Lobe has written extensively about the rise of "neo-conservative" hawks.
"Bush's speech on Wednesday was particularly significant because he spoke before the American Enterprise Institute. Richard Perle and others at AEI have been advocating -- and anticipating -- many of the policies Bush is pursuing."
-- Lamis Andoni, is an independent journalist and analyst who has covered the Middle East for over two decades.
"U.S. pressure on Arab regimes to support war against Iraq has already resulted in further stifling of freedoms in Arab countries. To appease Washington they are acting against their people's will and hence suppressing political freedom and banning protests. Bush's statements make a mockery of the notion of democracy. The people there see that Bush continues to support (Israeli Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon's military occupation and systematic destruction of Palestinian life, that the United States continues to strangle the Iraqi people with the sanctions while talking about the liberation of Iraq. The people of the region see the connection between the U.S. war hawks, the Likud policies and British colonialism. The policies Bush is pursuing are not the solution as the U.S. public is being told, they are what causes the resentment many feel against the U.S. government."
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