The Bearcats (19-2, 8-0 AAC) squandered an 18-point lead and had to hang on to claim their 12th straight win.
Temple forged a 76-76 tie on Dalton Pepper's 3-pointer with 36.9 seconds to play, but Kilpatrick netted a pair of foul shots on the next possession to put Cincinnati back in front.
Kilpatrick also grabbed eight rebounds and Shaquille Thomas added 15 for Cincinnati.
Pepper fired in eight 3-pointers en route to 33 points for the Owls (5-13, 0-7).
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