Mississippi opened the game on a 19-2 run and had no trouble putting away its in-state rival.
Henderson scored 31 points and Murphy Holloway had 24 for the Rebels (18-4, 7-2 SEC), who are a game behind first-place Florida in the Southeastern Conference chase.
Mississippi led by 19 at the half and shot 51 percent from the field.
Craig Sword scored 17 points to lead the Bulldogs (7-14, 2-7).
2014: The Year in Music [PHOTOS]