On the decisive play, Trouba got the puck at the point and powered his way behind the Hurricanes' net, where he tried a wrap-around shot.
Anton Khudobin made the initial stop, but Thorburn pounced on the rebound to break a 1-1 tie and boost the surging Jets to a ninth win in 11 games.
Riley Nash scored for Carolina, which fell for the second time in three contests.
Khudobin finished with 25 saves.
Aaron Carter is still in love with Hilary Duff
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