Malkin ran his point streak to eight games, during which he has racked up four goals and 13 assists.
Jeff Zatkoff made 39 saves to log the victory.
Scottie Upshall got the only goal for Florida, which fell for the fourth time in five contests.
Tim Thomas played the first two periods, stopping 9-of-13 shots.
Scott Clemmensen relieved and turned aside 8-of-9 shots the rest of the way for the Panthers.
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