Cabrera played the last several weeks of the season and the playoffs with a severe groin strain. The Tigers said the third baseman had "successful core muscle repair surgery" Tuesday in Philadelphia.
The team release said Cabrera would have 6-8 weeks of rehabilitation and is expected to be ready to rejoin the team for spring training.
Cabrera hit .348 last season, which was the best average in the major leagues. However, he had just one home run and seven runs batted in in September as the injury hampered his offensive production. He hit .262 with two home runs and seven RBI in the Tigers' 11 post-season games.
He hit 44 home runs and had 137 RBI in the regular season. Both figures were second in the American League to Baltimore's Chris Davis, who had 53 home runs and 138 RBI. Cabrera won the AL Triple Crown in 2012, hitting .330 with 44 homers and 139 RBI. He was the first Triple Crown winner since 1967 when Carl Yastrzemski accomplished the feat.
Cabrera on Sunday accepted the Hank Aaron Award, which is given to the AL's best hitter. The award is voted on fans and a committee of Baseball Hall of fame members.