Harvick, who is fourth in the 13-driver chase for the Sprint Cup championship, turned in a lap speed of 187.526 miles per hour. He had not sat on the pole of a Sprint Cup race since September, 2006 at New Hampshire.
Sunday's race will be the fourth of 10 in the series that will determine the year's champion. Points leader Matt Kenseth, who qualified sixth, has won the last two races on this track.
Kyle Busch, third in the chase behind Kenseth and Johnson, qualified 18th.
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