Campbell, who won the U.S. Amateur tournament in 1964 and played on eight Walker Cup teams, was USGA president in 1982-83.
Campbell was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame and was the third American to be elected to the prestigious office of Captain of Scotland's Royal and Ancient Golf Club of Saint Andrews.
"Mr. Campbell was one the game's great champions and finest gentlemen," USGA Executive Director Mike Davis said in a written statement. "His contributions to amateur golf and to the USGA have been many and profound."
Campbell, a native of West Virginia, lived in Lewisburg at the time of his death.