About 30,000 spectators, including President Dilma Rousseff and many members of the construction crew, were in the seats at Maracana to watch the scrimmage between current and past stars of Brazilian soccer.
The Rio de Janeiro stadium will hold 80,000 people for next year's World international contests.
"The objective of a test match is to check the teams, facilities and infrastructure so that eventual adjustments can be made to ensure everything runs smoothly when Maracana is inaugurated," the Brazil World Cup organizing committee said in a written statement.
The BBC said the renovations were four months behind schedule, which meant seats were still being installed and pavement was being laid at the site as late as this week.
The stadium will host another test match June 2 when Brazil hosts England in an international friendly.