Rolland won the first World Championships medal of her career with a time of 1 minute, 50.00 seconds, edging Italy's Nadia Fanchini by a mere 0.16 seconds.
Maria Hoefl-Riesch of German placed third, 0.70 seconds behind Rolland, who started in the 22nd position on the icy course.
"This is like a dream to me," said Rolland, who raised France's medal totals for the worlds to three. "It was absolutely breath-taking today."
Notable deaths of 2014 [PHOTOS]
Michael Sam cut from the Dallas Cowboys