The federation said Friday the ban was handed down for Tatiana Mineeva, 22, after her blood tested positive for "abnormal" changes, RIA Novosti reported.
"On the basis of abnormal indices in the hematological profile of Tatiana Mineeva's biological passport, a disciplinary sanction has been passed against her in the form of a two-year disqualification," a federation statement said.
The statement said the ban began Nov. 17 and Mineeva's competitive results since July 12, 2011, have been annulled.
Mineeva's 2008 world junior championships win is not affected by the ban.
Exploding whale video goes viral on Internet
Wisconsin business offering 'therapeutic cuddling' forced to close