The Broward, Fla., State Attorney's Office filed the charge against Johnson Wednesday.
Police arrested Johnson, formerly known as Chad Ochocinco, on Aug. 11 after an alleged altercation with his wife of five weeks, reality television star Evelyn Lozada.
Lozada had questioned Johnson about a receipt for condoms she found in his car, causing the two to fight, The Miami Herald reported. Lozada accused Johnson of head-butting her, causing a laceration on her forehead during the incident outside their Davie, Fla., home.
Hours after posting bond Aug. 12 at Broward County jail, Johnson was released by the Dolphins.
Johnson was not present at his arraignment Thursday. A lawyer entered the plea on his behalf, WFOR-TV, Miami, reported.