Truex was clocked at 190.369 miles per hour at the 1.5-mile Texas Motor Speedway, giving him his second pole at the track.
Matt Kenseth, the defending race champion, qualified second with a lap just 0.033 of a second slower than that of Truex.
Defending series champion Tony Stewart qualified 29th in a backup car. He wrecked his primary car during a practice session earlier Friday.
Biffle goes into the race with a six-point lead over Dale Earnhardt Jr., who qualified 16th.
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