New Jersey won for just the second time in seven games.
Ilya Kovalchuk scored just 49 seconds into the contest to put the Devils in front and Derek Stepan tied it for the Rangers in the second period.
Martin Brodeur made 25 saves to earn the 648th win of his career.
Henrik Lundqvist stopped 25-of-28 shots for the Rangers, who had won four of their previous five.
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