The College Football Playoffs Act, sponsored by Rep. Joe Barton, R-Tex., would require a playoff system in major college football.
Barton introduced it in January after last season's title game included one-loss teams Florida and Oklahoma, while excluding unbeaten teams Utah and Boise State from playing in the Bowl Championship Series National Championship Game.
The bill must still go through the House Energy and Commerce Committee before it is considered by the full House of Representatives.
"What our friends and fans need to know about the Bowl Championship Series is that it is not about choosing the champion or competition on the gridiron," Barton said.
The system has been strongly criticized since it began in 1998.