Martin is the 26th head coach in the Canadiens' storied history but Montreal hasn't won the Stanley Cup since 1993. The 16-year championship drought is the longest for the team, which marked its 100th season in 2008-09.
Montreal is coming off a 41-30-11 season in which the Canadiens were swept from the playoffs in the first round. The team was 35-24-11 when Coach Guy Carbonneau was fired March 9. Carbonneau was 124-93-23 as the Montreal coach.
Martin, 56, will be entering his 15th season as an NHL head coach. He previously led St. Louis, Ottawa and Florida, and has a 517-406-119 record. He's never taken a team further than the conference finals.
The Canadiens have won 24 NHL titles, including at least one each decade of the NHL's existence, until 2000-09.