Robinson will work for the cable sports network for two weeks to commemorate the 60th anniversary of Jackie Robinson breaking the color line in Major League Baseball.
The network said his start date for baseball games is March 31, and he will make appearances on "SportsCenter," "Baseball Tonight," "Cold Pizza" and ESPNEWS.
Robinson, who had a Hall of Fame playing career with Cincinnati and Baltimore, and was a 12-time all-star, also will work as an analyst during select Spring Training telecasts.
On Sept. 30, 2006, he was told that he would not return for the 2007 season.
He is only player in baseball history to win the MVP award in both leagues and became the first African-American manager in the big leagues on Oct. 4, 1974 with Cleveland.
His overall record was 1,065-1,174 in 16 seasons.