His No.2 Dodge circled the 0.533-mile high-banked short track in 15.362 seconds (124.906 mph).
The pole victory was Busch's fourth of the season and fifth of his Nextel Cup career.
"It's my favorite track of them all, there's no doubt about that," Busch said earlier this week. "It's like a homecoming every time we go there."
Starting alongside Busch will be Jeff Burton.
After last week's race at Brooklyn, Mich., the top-10 drivers in the chase for the cup remained the same. Jimmie Johnson is the leader, followed by Kenseth, Harvick, Mark Martin, Stewart, Jeff Gordon, Busch, Hamlin, Burton and Dale Earnhardt Jr.
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